Vitiligo is a disease in which the pigment cells of the skin, skin fading, melanocytes, are destroyed in certain areas. Symptoms and signs of vitiligo include loss of skin color in the form of depigmented, or white, patches of skin in any location on the body. Vitiligo can be focal and localized to one area, or it may affect several different areas on the body. The exact cause of vitiligo is unknown, although most experts believe that it is an autoimmune condition in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys certain cells within the body. Most people who have vitiligo will develop the condition prior to age 40; about half develop it before age 20. Vitiligo may have a genetic component, as the condition tends to run in families. Vitiligo is sometimes associated with other medical conditions, including thyroid dysfunction. There is no way to determine if vitiligo will spread or remain confined to one location. Vitiligo is not painful and does not have significant health consequences; however, it can have emotional and psychological consequences.

Types of vitiligo

  • non-segmental vitiligo
  • segmental vitiligo
In rare cases, it's possible for vitiligo to affect your whole body. This is known as universal or complete vitiligo.
Non-segmental Vitiligo
The pale areas of skin are more vulnerable to sunburn, so it's important to take extra care when in the sun and use a sunscreen with a high sun protection factor (SPF).
The areas of skin most commonly affected by non-segmental vitiligo include:
  • mouth and eyes
  • fingers and wrists
  • armpits
  • groin
  • genitals
  • inside your mouth
  • knees and elbows
  • hand and feet
Segmental vitiligo
In segmental vitiligo (also known as unilateral or localised vitiligo), the white patches only affect one area of your body.
Segmental vitiligo (the less common type) is thought to be caused by chemicals released from the nerve endings in your skin. These chemicals are poisonous to the melanocyte skin cells.
It's possible that vitiligo may be triggered by particular events, such as:
stressful events, such as childbirth
skin damage, such as severe sunburn or cuts (this is known as the Koebner response)
exposure to certain chemicals – for example, at work. Vitiligo is not caused by an infection and you cannot catch it from someone else who has it. Vitiligo may also be associated with eye problems, such as inflammation of the iris, inflammation of the middle layer of the eye (uveitis), and a partial loss of hearing.
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  • The treatment involves daily dietary recommendations.
  • The medication is purely natural (powder/granuels mix).
  • Developed from rare herbs found across the globe.
  • The formulation of the medicine is easy to prepare.
  • The treatment may vary according to the history of pre-excisting condition.